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How to grow mushrooms at home the right way

 How do you grow your own mushrooms? How can I start mushroom farming at home? How do you grow edible mushrooms at home?

How to grow mushrooms at home the right way
How to grow mushrooms at home the right way

An explanation of the steps for growing mushrooms at home

One of us finds pleasure when he eats food that he has grown himself, and fortunately, there are a good number of vegetables and crops that are very easy for any of us to grow in his home, and without the need for a large agricultural land, or specific agricultural equipment, or a significant financial cost. One of these crops is mushrooms (or mushrooms). In this article, we will learn about the way to grow mushrooms at home with simple tools.

Where people prefer mushrooms because they are rich in proteins, dietary fiber and vitamins, and for their multiple benefits in lowering cholesterol in the blood, controlling blood pressure levels, and diabetes, as well, helping to strengthen the immune system and fighting diseases, and is included in many weight loss systems.

Necessary tools and materials

1 - Soil suitable for mushroom cultivation, and it is preferable to use “hay” or “straw”, which can be purchased from feed stores or agricultural materials, or you can use sawdust (untreated), or even coffee grounds.

2 - Mushroom spores, and here you should choose one of the easy-to-grow mushrooms such as “white mushroom” or you can choose “shiitake mushroom” or “oyster mushroom”.

3 - Large plastic bags.

4 - knife.

5 - Mercury thermometer.

How to grow mushrooms at home the right way

1- Soil sterilization (hay)

First, the soil (hay, straw or sawdust) must be sterilized by soaking it in hot water (the temperature should be 60-80 degrees Celsius), and leaving it for at least an hour in hot water. The water must be reheated every time its temperature drops below required. The sterilization stage is important before planting mushrooms in order to kill any insects or microbes, and this process also helps in moistening the soil, which is the appropriate environment for mushroom growth.

The hay or straw used should not be more than 10 cm in length.

2- Mushroom cultivation

After the sterilization stage is over, the hay is filtered from the water, with the need to keep some water to keep it wet, and then the soil is mixed with mushroom seeds (spores) well. Then the mixture of soil and spores is packed in transparent plastic bags, which are well compacted, and then closed well. Slots are made in the bags in the form of (+) with a length of 2-3 cm and a number of approximately 15 holes for each bag according to the size of the bag used.

3- The incubation period

Use a mercury thermometer to place it on the bags, for better temperature monitoring.

After planting and preparing the soil and making the necessary holes, the bags are transferred to the appropriate mushroom growth environment, which should be in a dark place, and the temperature of the bags should be from 20-25 degrees Celsius, with a humidity of 85-90%. To achieve the appropriate temperature and humidity, the bags and the floor of the place should be sprayed with cold water frequently.

The incubation period lasts at least 10-12 days. After that, you will notice that the bags are full of cotton threads. Then the bags must be cooled further and the temperature is close to 15 degrees Celsius, using cold water or pieces of ice placed on the bags.

4- Growth period

After the incubation period is over, the bags are exposed to lighting and ventilation, where they must be exposed to lighting daily for 9-10 hours, and the room in which the bags are located must be ventilated daily to obtain fresh air, a fan can be used for this purpose. With the need to maintain the humidity of the bags by spraying water on them continuously.

The growth process continues for an additional 10-12 days, during which the mushrooms begin to grow gradually, until they are completed, and then cut them to benefit from them.


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