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All you need to know about growing an olive trees - a complete file

 Olive Tree Planting Guide 2022


How long does it take for an olive tree to fully grow - How many olive trees do you need to make a living - How long does it take for an olive tree to bear fruit - Do olive trees need a lot of water to survive?

The olive tree bears all climatic conditions, and the size of its fruits and production capacity increases whenever the weather conditions suit it. .

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• Date of planting olive trees

The olive tree planting season starts from February to May


• Suitable climate for growing olive trees


The olive tree prefers low temperatures and tolerates humid and dry climates.


The soil suitable for growing the olive tree


- Olive trees need soil with low to moderate acidity between 5.5 - 7.5


- Its cultivation requires fertile soil with good drainage and olive trees bear extreme thirst.


• There are many varieties of olive cultivation in Egypt, such as Al-Khudairi, Al-Tuffahi Al-Ajizy, Kalamata, Picual and Dulce.


• The most important agricultural transactions for olive trees


Home farming also needs monthly care and providing an appropriate environment that contributes to the growth of the soil, increasing productivity and nourishing the soil with the basic elements, in addition to the correct feeding, appropriate irrigation and combating the pests exposed to infection. The site of the land provides the methods of monthly care for olive trees as follows.


• Begin pruning branches and branches in the middle of this month.

(march)

• Feed the soil in March with nitrophosca compound 15-15-15 amounting to 453 gm at the beginning of the month.


• Spraying the plant with microelements and providing the soil with chelated iron by 14 gm at the beginning of the month.


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• Fertilizing the soil with organic fertilizer in the month of September, amounting to two and a half kilos, mixed with mono superphosphate, 200 g in the middle of the month, and the fruits ripen during this month.


• Feeding the soil in October with nitrophosca compound 15-15-15 amounting to 453 gm at the beginning of the month, and the fruits ripen during this month.


• The fruits ripen during the month of November as well.


• Spraying the plant with microelements in December and providing the soil with chelated iron by 14 gm at the beginning of the month.


It is recommended to use these dates to serve the plant one month after planting the olive trees.


olive tree fertilization


The added fertilizers depend on soil fertility and the amount of organic matter needed by the plant to achieve an economic return and a good yield. Therefore, annual doses of fertilizers are recommended according to the age of the plant as follows:


• The olive tree needs to be fertilized at the age of 0-1. The compound nitrophosca 15-15-15 is added at a rate of 453 g and chelated iron 13% at a rate of 7 g and at a rate of 2.5 kg of fermented organic fertilizer.


• It is added to fertilize the age of 1-2 at a rate of 453 gm of the compound nitrophosca 15-15-15 and at a rate of 11 gm of chelated iron 13% and at a rate of 5 kg of fermented organic fertilizer.


• Fertilize 2-3 years of age at a rate of 907 gm of the compound nitrophosca 15-15-15 and at a rate of 14 gm of chelated iron 13% and 7.5 kg of fermented organic fertilizer.


• Fertilize 3-4 life at a rate of 1360 gm of the compound nitrophosca 15-15-15 and chelated iron 13% at a rate of 21 g and fermented organic fertilizer at a rate of 10 kg.


• Age 4-5 at a rate of 1360 gm of the compound nitrophosca 15-15-15 and at a rate of 28 gm of chelated iron 13% and at a rate of 12.5 kg of fermented organic fertilizer.


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• Fertilization from the age of 5-6 is also added at a rate of 1360 gm of the compound nitrophosca 15-15-15 and of chelated iron 13% at a rate of 28 g and 15 kg of fermented organic fertilizer.


• Fertilize trees from the age of 6 to more at a rate of 1814 g of the compound nitrophosca 15-15-15, at a rate of 28 g of chelated iron 13% and at a rate of 15 kg of late organic fertilizer.


 Date of harvesting olive trees and signs of maturity

The harvest season begins after the fruits ripen from September to November, and the signs of maturity are the appearance of purple spots on the fruit and the fruit has an oily texture.


 Pruning olive trees


Prune with saw and shears to grow a strong trunk by removing old growth and lower branches and repeat the process of pruning olive trees twice a year.


Pests affecting olive trees:


1- Spot: gray circular spots that cause fruit to fall


2- Olive tuberculosis: a bacterial disease that causes swelling of the branches


3- Basil bug: it secretes a fungus that leads to black mold


4- Olive butterfly: inhabits caterpillars and causes leaves to fall


5- Melt olives


• Methods of prevention


- Use an insecticide


- Remove shrubs that show symptoms of disease


- Larvae processing

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